### Trimester 1

**Course Code: **ENG 101/ ENG 002

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

The course aims at developing proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing of English. It is generalized as a remedial course for students whose English need considerable repair and as a foundation courses for ENG 103. The contents include parts of speech, count and uncountable nouns and articles, agreement between subject and verb, adverbs of frequency, tense and the sequence of tenses, active and passive voices, types of sentences, prepositions: time, place, action, directions, questions forms, multi-word verbs, capitalization.

**Course Code: **MATH 003*

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Number System: Natural Number, Integer, Rational Number, Irrational Number, Real Number, Even and Odd Number, Prime Number, Interval, Inequality; Functions: One-to-one, Many-to-one Function, Domain, Range, Inverse Function, Even and Odd Function; Graphs: Algebraic (Quadratic, Cubic) and Transcendental (Trigonometric, Exponential, Logarithmic) Function, Absolute Value Function; Graphing New Functions from Old: Translations, Reflections, Stretches and Compressions; Differentiation: Limit, Continuity and Derivative of Functions; Integration: Indefinite Integral, Integration by substitution. Definite integral. Area under curves.

**Course Code: **PHY 101

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

**Physical Optics:** Theories of light: Interference of light, Young’s double slit experiment, Displacements of fringes & its uses. Fressnel Bi-prism, Interference at wedge shaped films, Newton’s rings, Interferometers; Diffraction of light: Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffraction. Diffraction by single slit. Diffraction from a circular aperture, Resolving power of optical instruments, Diffraction at double slit & N-slits-diffraction grating; Polarization: Production & analysis of polarized light, Brewster’s law, Malus law, Polarization by double refraction. Retardation plates. Nicol prism. Optical activity. Polarimeters, Polaroid.

**Waves & Oscillations:** Differential equation of a Simple Harmonic Oscillator, Total energy & average energy, Combination of simple harmonic oscillation, Lissajous figures, Spring-mass system, Calculation of time period of torsional pendulum, Damped oscillation, Determination of damping co-efficient. Forced oscillation. Resonance, Two-body oscillation. Reduced mass Differential equation of a progressive wave, Power & intensity of wave motion, Stationary wave, Group velocity & Phase velocity. Architectural acoustics, Reverberation and Sabine’s formula.

**Modern Physics:** Michelson-Morley’s experiment. Galilean transformation, Special theory of relativity & its consequences; Quantum theory of Radiation: Photo-electric effect, Compton effect, wave particle duality. Interpretation of Bohr’s postulates, Radioactive disintegration, Properties of nucleus, Nuclear reactions, Fission. Fusion, Chain reaction, Nuclear reactor.

Subtotal Credit Hr: 06 or 09**

### Trimester 2

**Course Code: **MATH 151

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Differential Calculus: Limits, Continuity and differentiability. Successive differentiation of various types of functions. Leibnitz’s theorem. Roller’s theorem. Mean value theorem. Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s theorems in finite and infinite forms. Lagrange’s form of remainders. Cauchy’s form of remainders. Expansion of functions by differentiation and integration. Evaluation of indeterminate forms by L’Hospitals rule. Partial differentiation. Euler’s theorem. Tangent and Normal. Subtangent and subnormal in cartesian and polar co-ordinates. Determination of Maximum and minimum values of functions and points of inflection with applications. Curvature: radius, circle, centre and chord of curvature, asymptotes and curved tracing.

Integral Calculus : Integration by the method of substitution. Standard integrals. Integration by successive reduction. Definite integrals, its properties and use in summing series. Walli’s formulate. Improper integrals. Beta function and Gamma function. Area under a plane curve and area of a region enclosed by two curves in cartesian and polar co-ordinate. Volumes of solids of revolution. Volume of hollow solids of revolution by shell method Area of surface of revolution. Jacobians. Multiple integrals with applications.

**Course Code: **EEE 101

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Circuit variables and elements: Voltage, current, power, energy, independent and dependent sources, resistance. Basic laws: Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws. Simple resistive circuits: Series and parallel circuits, voltage and current division, Wye-Delta transformation. Techniques of circuit analysis: Nodal and mesh analysis including supernode and super mesh. Network theorems: Source transformation, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Superposition theorems with applications in circuits having independent and dependent sources, maximum power transfer condition and reciprocity theorem. Energy storage elements: Inductors and capacitors, series parallel combination of inductors and capacitors. Responses of RL and RC circuits: Natural and step responses.

Magnetic quantities and variables: Flux, permeability and reluctance, magnetic field strength, magnetic potential, flux density, magnetization curve. Laws in magnetic circuits: Ohm’s law and Ampere’s circuital law. Magnetic circuits: series, parallel and series-parallel circuits.

**Course Code: **PHY 103

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **PHY 101

**Heat & thermodynamics:** Principle of temperature measurements: Platinum resistance thermometer, Thermo-electric thermometer, Pyrometer; Kinetic theory of gases: Maxwell’s distribution of molecular speeds, Mean free path, Equipartition of energy, Brownian motion, van der Waal’s equation of state, Review of the First law of thermodynamics and its application, Reversible & irreversible processes, Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot; Efficiency of heat engines, Carnot theorem, Entropy and Disorder, Thermodynamic Functions, Maxwell relations, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, Gibbs phase rule, Third law of thermodynamics.

**Properties of Matter:** States of matter; Elastic properties of solids: Coefficients of elasticity, Energy calculation; Flow of liquids: Equation of continuity, Laminar and turbulent flow, Reynolds number & its significance, Bernoullis theorem and its application; Viscosity: poiseulles equation, Motion in a viscous medium, Determination of coefficient of viscosity; Surface tension: Surface tension as a molecular phenomenon, Surface tension and surface energy, Capillarity and angle of contact, Quincke’s method.

**Course Code: **PHY 104

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Experiments based on Phy 103

**Course Code: **ENG 103

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ENG 101

A course to provide solid foundation on study skills in English reading writing, listening comprehension and speaking. The course emphasizes the practice of pronunciation, speed-reading, and effective writing and listening. The course contents include the grammar parts of revision of tenses, use of idioms, prepositions, modals, conditional sentence, use of linking words, use of suffixes and prefixes, synonyms and antonyms, words with multi names, reading parts include the skills in skimming, scanning, selecting information, writing parts include planning, outlining, organizing ideas, topic sentences, paragraph writing, essay writing, job applications, writing reports, writing research report.

Subtotal Credit Hr: 06 or 09**

### Trimester 3

**Course Code: **EEE 103

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 101

Sinusoidal functions: Instantaneous current, voltage, power, effective current and voltage, average power, phasors and complex quantities, impedance, real and reactive power, power factor. Analysis of single phase ac circuits: Series and parallel RL, RC and RLC circuits, nodal and mesh analysis, application of network theorems in ac circuits, circuits simultaneously excited by sinusoidal sources of several frequencies, transient response of RL and RC circuits with sinusoidal excitation. Resonance in ac circuits: Series and parallel resonance. Magnetically coupled circuits. Analysis of three phase circuits: Three phase supply, balanced and unbalanced circuits, power calculation.

**Course Code: **EEE 104

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 101 and EEE 103. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in EEE 101 and EEE 103.

**Course Code: **ACT 111

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Financial Accounting: Objectives and importance of accounting; Accounting as an information system; Computerized system and applications in accounting. Recording system: double entry mechanism; accounts and their classification; Accounting equation; Accounting cycle: journal, ledger, trial balance; Preparation of financial statements considering adjusting and closing entries; Accounting concepts (principles) and conventions.

Financial statement analysis and interpretation: ratio analysis.

Cost and Management Accounting: Cost concepts and classification; Overhead cost: meaning and classification; Distribution of overhead cost; Overhead recovery method/rate; Job order costing: preparation of job cost sheet and quotation price; Inventory valuation: absorption costing and marginal/variable costing techniques; Cost-Volume-Profit analysis: meaning breakeven analysis, contribution margin approach, sensitivity analysis.

Short-term investment decisions: relevant and differential cost analysis. Long-term investment decisions: capital budgeting, various techniques of evaluation of capital investments.

**Course Code: **MATH 155

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **Math 151

Ordinary Differential Equations: Degree and order of ordinary differential equations. Formation of differential equations. Solutions of first order differential equations by various methods. Solutions of general linear equations of second and higher orders with constant coefficients. Solution of homogeneous linear equations. Solution of differential equation of the higher order when the dependent or independent variable is absent. Solution of differential equation by the method based on the factorization of the operators. Frobenius method. Partial differential equations: Wave equations. Particular solutions with boundary and initial conditions.

**Course Code: **ENG 103

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ENG 101

A course to provide solid foundation on study skills in English reading writing, listening comprehension and speaking. The course emphasizes the practice of pronunciation, speed-reading, and effective writing and listening. The course contents include the grammar parts of revision of tenses, use of idioms, prepositions, modals, conditional sentence, use of linking words, use of suffixes and prefixes, synonyms and antonyms, words with multi names, reading parts include the skills in skimming, scanning, selecting information, writing parts include planning, outlining, organizing ideas, topic sentences, paragraph writing, essay writing, job applications, writing reports, writing research report.

### Trimester 4

**Course Code: **EEE 105

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 103

P-N junction as a circuit element: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, operational principle of p-n junction diode, contact potential, current-voltage characteristics of a diode, simplified dc and ac diode models, dynamic resistance and capacitance. Diode circuits: Half wave and full wave rectifiers, rectifiers with filter capacitor, characteristics of a zener diode, zener shunt regulator, clamping and clipping circuits. Bipolar junction transistor (BJT) as a circuit element: Basic structure. BJT characteristics and regions of operation, BJT as an amplifier, biasing the BJT for discrete circuits, small signal equivalent circuit models, BJT as a switch. Single stage BJT amplifier circuits and their configurations: Voltage and current gain, input and output impedances. Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect-Transistor (MOSFET) as circuit element: structure and physical operation of MOSFETs, body effect, current- voltage characteristics of MOSFETs, biasing discrete and integrated MOS amplifier circuits, single-stage MOS amplifiers, MOSFET as a switch, CMOS inverter. Junction Field-Effect-Transistor (JFET): Structure and physical operation of JFET, transistor characteristics.

**Course Code: **EEE 110

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 105

Simulation laboratory based on EEE 101, EEE 103 and EEE 105 theory courses. Students will verify the theories and concepts learned in EEE 101, EEE 103 and EEE 105 using simulation software like PSpice and Matlab. Students will also perform specific design of DC and AC circuits theoretically and by simulation. Students will learn how to write and debug programs for simulation of different mathematical models.

**Course Code: **CHEM 101

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Atomic structure, quantum numbers, electronic configuration, periodic table; Properties and uses of noble gases; Different types of chemical bonds and their properties; Molecular structure of compounds; Selective organic reactions; Different types of solutions and their compositions; Phase rule, phase diagram of mono component system; Properties of dilute solutions; Thermochemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibria; Ionization of water and pH concept; Electrical properties of Solution.

**Course Code: **CHEM 102

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Experiments based on CHEM 101

**Course Code: **MATH 203

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **Math 155

Matrices: Definition, equality, addition, subtraction multiplication, transposition, inversion, rank. Equivalence, solution of equations by matrix method. Vector space, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Bassel’s and Legendre’s differential equations.

**Course Code: **SOC 101

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

The course aims at developing proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing of English. It is generalized as a remedial course for students whose English need considerable repair and as a foundation courses for ENG 103. The contents include parts of speech, count and uncountable nouns and articles, agreement between subject and verb, adverbs of frequency, tense and the sequence of tenses, active and passive voices, types of sentences, prepositions: time, place, action, directions, questions forms, multi-word verbs, capitalization.

### Trimester 5

**Course Code: **MATH 201

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Two-dimensional co-ordinate Geometry: Change of axes-transformation of co-ordinates, simplification of equations of curves.

Three-dimensional co-ordinate Geometry: System of co-ordinates, distance between two points, section formula, projection, direction cosines, equations of planes and lines.

Vector Analysis: Definition of vectors. Equality, addition and multiplication of vectors. Linear dependence and independence of vectors. Differentiation and integration of vectors together with elementary applications. Definitions of line, surface and volume integrals. Gradient of a scalar function, divergence and curl of a vector function. Physical significance of gradient, divergence and curls. Various formulae. Integral forms of gradient, divergence and curl. Divergence theorem. Stoke’s theorem, Green’s theorem and Gauss’s theorem.

**Course Code: **EEE 121

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Overview, Structure of C program, Data Types and Data Type Qualifier, I/O Functions-Character I/O, Formatted I/O, Character Set, Identifiers, Keywords and Contents, Variables, Expressions, Statement and Symbolic Constants, Arithmetic operators, Relational Operators and Logical Operators, Assignment Operators, Increment/Decrement Operators, Unary Operator and Conditional Operator., Bit-wise Operators, Comma Operator, Precedence and Associativity, Branching: The IF statement (break and continue statement), Branching: SWITCH statement, GOTO statement and operator, Looping: FOR statement (break and continue), Looping: WHILE and DO WHILE statement, Storage class: Automatic, Static, Register and Extern, Functions: Access, Prototype, Argument Passing and Value Receiving, Functions: Pass-by-value, Pass-by-reference and Value Receiving , Functions: Command Line Parameter and Library Functions, Arrays: Initialization, Access, Passing and Receiving , Arrays: 2D handling, Arrays: Sorting and Searching , String Handling , Structure: Initialization, Access, Passing and Receiving, Structure: Embedded Structure, Union and Bit-fields, File: Types of File, Text File Handling, File: Binary File Handling , File: Data File Management Program, Pointer: Concept, Passing and Receiving, Memory Allocation and Release, Pointer: List or Tree Management by Self-Referential Structure, Pointer: Pointer and Multi-Dimensional Arrays, Enumeration, Macros, Pre-Processor and Compiler , Directives, Library, Compiler and Linker, Segment and Memory Model, Video Adapter, Modes and Graphics Initialization, Graphics Functions

**Course Code: **EEE 122

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Laboratory work based on EEE 121

**Course Code: **EEE 207

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 105

Frequency response of amplifiers: Poles, zeros and Bode plots, amplifier transfer function, techniques of determining 3 dB frequencies of amplifier circuits, frequency response of single-stage and cascade amplifiers, frequency response of differential amplifiers. Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections. General purpose Op-Amp: DC analysis, small-signal analysis of different stages, gain and frequency response of 741 Op-Amp. Negative feedback: properties, basic topologies, feedback amplifiers with different topologies, stability, frequency compensation. Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and band pass filters using Op-Amps. Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators. Power Amplifiers: Classification of output stages, class A, B and AB output stages.

**Course Code: **EEE 208

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 201 and EEE 207. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in EEE 201 and EEE 207.

**Course Code: **MATH 157

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **Math 155

Laplace Transforms: Definition. Laplace transforms of some elementary functions. Sufficient conditions for existence of Laplace transforms. Inverse Laplace transforms. Laplace transforms of derivatives. The unit step function. Periodic function. Some special theorems on Laplace transforms. Partial fraction. Solution of differential equations by Laplace transforms. Evaluation of improper integrals.

Fourier Analysis: Real and complex forms of Fourier series. Finite transform. Fourier integral. Fourier transforms and their uses in solving boundary value problems.

### Trimester 6

**Course Code: **EEE 215

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 103

Electromechanical energy conversion fundamentals: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, Fleming’s rule and Lenz’s law. Elementary generator: Commutation, electromagnetic force, left hand rule, counter emf and comparison between generator and motor action. Transformer: Ideal transformer – transformation ratio, no-load and load vector diagrams; actual transformer – equivalent circuit, regulation, short circuit and open circuit tests. Three phase induction motor: Rotating magnetic field, equivalent circuit, vector diagram, torque-speed characteristics, effect of changing rotor resistance and reactance on torque-speed curves, motor torque and developed rotor power, no-load test, blocked rotor test, starting and braking and speed control. Single phase induction motor: Theory of operation, equivalent circuit and starting.

**Course Code: **EEE 223

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 105

Number systems and codes: number system, arithmetic, base conversion, signed number representation and computer codes. Analysis and synthesis of logic circuits: Boolean algebra, switching functions, switching circuits and combinational logic circuits. Simplification of switching functions: K maps, Quine McCluskey minimization method and Patrick’s algorithm. Modular combinational circuit design: decoders, encoders, multiplexers, demultiplexers, binary arithmetic elements and comparators. Programmable logic devices: logic arrays, field programmable logic arrays, programmable read only memory and programmable array logic. Sequential devices: latches, flip-flops and timing circuits. Modular sequential logic circuits: shift registers, counters and digital fraction rate multipliers. Simple processors: simple digital system design.

**Course Code: **EEE 224

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in CSE 223. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in EEE 223

**Course Code: **EEE 211

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **Math 157 and EEE 103

Classification of signals, basic operation on signals, elementary signals, representation of signals using impulse function. Classification of systems, properties of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) system like linearity, causality, time invariance, memory, stability, invertibility. Time domain analysis of LTI systems, system representation, order of system, solution techniques, impulse response, convolution. Basic concepts of state variable representation of a system. Frequency domain analysis of LTI systems, Fourier series and Fourier transforms and their properties, system transfer function. Laplace transforms and its properties, system transfer function, stability and frequency response, different techniques of inverse Laplace transforms.

**Course Code: **MATH 153

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **Math 201

Complex Variable: Complex number system. General functions of a complex variable. Limits and continuity of a function of a complex variable and related theorems. Complex differentiation and the Cauchy-Riemann equations. Infinite series. Convergence and uniform convergence. Line integral of a complex function Cauchy integral formula. Liouville’s theorem. Taylor’s and Laurent’s theorem. Singular points. Residue, Cauchy’s residue theorem.

### Trimester 7

**Course Code: **EEE 255

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **EEE 111

Probabilistic and statistical analysis as applied to electrical signals and systems. Statistics: Frequency distribution, Mean, Median, and other measures of central tendency. Standard deviation and other measures of dispersion. Moments, skenness and kurtosis. Probability and random variables. Distribution and density functions and conditional probability. Expectation: Moments and characteristic functions. Transformation of a random variable. Vector random variables. Joint distribution and density. Independence. Sums of random variables. Random Processes. Correlation functions. Process measurements. Gaussian and Poisson random processes. Noise models. Stationarity and Ergodicity. Spectral Estimation. Correlation and power spectrum. Cross spectral densities. Response of linear systems to random inputs. Introduction to discrete time processes, Mean-square error estimation, Detection and linear filtering.

**Course Code:**ETE 301

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**PHY 103 and Math 153

Crystal structures: Types of crystals, lattice and basis, Bravais lattice and Miller indices. Classical theory of electrical and thermal conduction: Scattering, mobility and resistivity, temperature dependence of metal resistivity, Mathiessen’s rule, Hall effect and thermal conductivity. Introduction to quantum mechanics: Wave nature of electrons, Schrodinger’s equation, one-dimensional quantum problems – infinite quantum well, potential step and potential barrier; Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and quantum box. Band theory of solids: Band theory from molecular orbital, Bloch theorem, Kronig-Penny model, effective mass, density-of-states. Carrier statistics: Maxwell-Boltzmann and Fermi-Dirac distributions, Fermi energy. Modern theory of metals: Determination of Fermi energy and average energy of electrons, classical and quantum mechanical calculation of specific heat. Dielectric properties of materials: Dielectric constant, polarization – electronic, ionic and orientational; internal field, Clausius-Mosotti equation, spontaneous polarization, frequency dependence of dielectric constant, dielectric loss and piezoelectricity. Magnetic properties of materials: Magnetic moment, magnetization and relative permittivity, different types of magnetic materials, origin of ferromagnetism and magnetic domains. Introduction to superconductivity: Zero resistance and Meissner effect, Type I and Type II superconductors and critical current density.

**Course Code:**ETE 313

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 301

Semiconductors in equilibrium: Energy bands, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Fermi levels, electron and hole concentrations, temperature dependence of carrier concentrations and invariance of Fermi level. Carrier transport processes and excess carriers: Drift and diffusion, generation and recombination of excess carriers, built-in-field, Einstein relations, continuity and diffusion equations for holes and electrons and quasi-Fermi level. PN junction: Basic structure, equilibrium conditions, contact potential, equilibrium Fermi level, space charge, non-equilibrium condition, forward and reverse bias, carrier injection, minority and majority carrier currents, transient and ac conditions, time variation of stored charge, reverse recovery transient and capacitance. Bipolar junction transistor: Basic principle of pnp and npn transistors, emitter efficiency, base transport factor and current gain, diffusion equation in the base, terminal currents, coupled-diode model and charge control analysis, Ebers-Moll equations and circuit synthesis. Metal-semiconductor junction: Energy band diagram of metal semiconductor junctions, rectifying and ohmic contacts. MOS structure: MOS capacitor, energy band diagrams and flat band voltage, threshold voltage and control of threshold voltage, static C-V characteristics, qualitative theory of MOSFET operation, body effect and current-voltage relationship of a MOSFET. Junction Field-effect-transistor: Introduction, qualitative theory of operation, pinch-off voltage and current-voltage relationship.

**Course Code:**EEE 423

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**EEE 121 and EEE 223

Introduction to microprocessors. Intel 8086 microprocessor: Architecture, addressing modes, instruction sets, assembly language programming, system design and interrupt. Interfacing: programmable peripheral interface, programmable timer, serial communication interface, programmable interrupt controller, direct memory access, keyboard and display interface. Introduction to micro-controllers.

**Course Code:**EEE 424

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 423. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in EEE 423.

### Trimester 8

**Course Code:**ETE 303

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**Math 201 and Phy 103

Static electric field: Coulomb’s law for discrete and continuously distributed charges, Gauss’s law and its application, electrostatic potential, conductors and dielectrics in static electric field, flux density – boundary conditions; capacitance – electrostatic energy and forces, capacitance calculation of different geometries; boundary value problems – Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations. Steady electric current: Ohm’s law, continuity equation, Joule’s law, resistance calculation. Static Magnetic field: Postulates of magnetostatics, Biot-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, vector magnetic potential, magnetic dipole, magnetic field intensity and relative permeability, boundary conditions for magnetic field, magnetic energy, magnetic forces, torque and inductance of different geometries. Time varying fields and Maxwell’s equations: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, Maxwell’s equations – differential and integral forms, boundary conditions, potential functions; and Poynting theorem. Plane electromagnetic wave: plane wave in loss less media – Doppler effect, transverse electromagnetic wave, polarization of plane wave; plane wave in lossy media – low-loss dielectrics, good conductors; group velocity, instantaneous and average power densities, normal and oblique incidence of plane waves at plane boundaries for different polarization.

**Course Code:**ETE 309

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**EEE 211and EEE 255

Overview of communication systems: fundamental elements, system limitations, message source, bandwidth requirements, transmission media types, bandwidth and transmission capacity. Noise: Source, characteristics of various types of noise and signal to noise ratio. Information theory: Measure of information, source encoding, error free communication over a noisy channel, channel capacity of a continuous system and channel capacity of a discrete memory less system. Communication systems: Analog and digital. Continuous wave modulation: Transmission types – base-band transmission, carrier transmission; amplitude modulation – introduction, double side band, single side band, vestigial side band, quadrature; spectral analysis of each type, envelope and synchronous detection; angle modulation instantaneous frequency, frequency modulation (FM) and phase modulation (PM), spectral analysis, demodulation of FM and PM. Pulse modulation: Sampling – sampling theorem, Nyquist criterion, aliasing, instantaneous and natural sampling; pulse amplitude modulation – principle, bandwidth requirements; pulse code modulation (PCM) – quantization principle, quantization noise, differential PCM, demodulation of PCM; delta modulation (DM) – principle, adaptive DM; line coding – formats and bandwidths. Digital modulation: Amplitude-shift keying – principle, ON-OFF keying, bandwidth requirements, detection, noise performance; phase-shift keying (PSK) – principle, bandwidth requirements, detection, differential PSK, quadrature PSK, noise performance; frequency-shift Keying (FSK) -principle, continuous and discontinuous phase FSK, minimum-shift keying, bandwidth requirements, detection of FSK. Multiplexing: Time- division multiplexing (TDM) – principle, receiver synchronization, frame synchronization, TDM of multiple bit rate systems; frequency-division multiplexing – principle, de-multiplexing; wavelength-division multiplexing, multiple-access network – time-division multiple-access, frequency-division multiple access; code-division multiple- access (CDMA) – spread spectrum multiplexing, coding techniques and constraints of CDMA. Communication system design: design parameters, channel selection criteria and performance simulation.

**Course Code:**ETE 310

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

Laboratory experiments based on EEE 309

**Course Code:**ETE 311

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**EEE 211

Introduction to digital signal processing (DSP): Discrete-time signals and systems, analog to digital conversion, impulse response, finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) of discrete-time systems, difference equation, convolution, transient and steady state response. Discrete transformations: Discrete Fourier series, discrete-time Fourier series, discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and properties, fast Fourier transform (FFT), inverse fast Fourier transform, Z transformation – properties, transfer function, poles and zeros and inverse Z transform. Correlation: circular convolution, auto-correlation and cross correlation. Digital Filters: FIR filters – linear phase filters, specifications, design using window, optimal and frequency sampling methods; IIR filters – specifications, design using impulse invariant, bi-linear Z transformation, least-square methods and finite precision effects.

**Course Code:**ETE 312

**Credit: **1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 311. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in EEE 311.

**Course Code: **ECO 213

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

Definition of Economics; Economics and engineering; Principles of economics

**Micro-Economics:** Introduction to various economic systems – capitalist, command and mixed economy; Fundamental economic problems and the mechanism through which these problems are solved; Theory of demand and supply and their elasticities; Theory of consumer behavior; Cardinal and ordinal approaches of utility analysis; Price determination; Nature of an economic theory; Applicability of economic theories to the problems of developing countries; Indifference curve techniques; Theory of production, production function, types of productivity; Rational region of production of an engineering firm; Concepts of market and market structure; Cost analysis and cost function; Small scale production and large scale production; Optimization; Theory of distribution; Use of derivative in economics: maximization and minimization of economic functions, relationship among total, marginal and average concepts.

**Macro-economics:** Savings; investment, employment; national income analysis; Inflation; Monetary policy; Fiscal policy and trade policy with reference to Bangladesh; Economics of development and planning.

### Trimester 9

** Course Code:**CSE 323

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

Network architectures- layered architectures and ISO reference model: data link protocols, error control, HDLC, X.25, flow and congestion control, virtual terminal protocol, data security, Local area networks, satellite networks, packet radio networks, Introduction to ARPANET, SNA and DECNET, Topological design and queuing models for network and distributed computing systems.

**Course Code:**CSE 324

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

Laboratory work based on CSE 323

** Course Code:**ETE 455

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

Introduction: Communication channels, mathematical model and characteristics. Probability and stochastic processes. Source coding: Mathematical models of information, entropy Huffman code and linear predictive coding. Digital transmission system: Base band digital transmission, inter-symbol interference, bandwidth, power efficiency, modulation and coding trade-off. Receiver for AWGN channels: Correlation demodulator, matched filter demodulator and maximum likelihood receiver. Channel capacity and coding: Channel models and capacities and random selection of codes. Block codes and conventional codes: Linear block codes, convolution codes and coded modulation. Spread spectrum signals and system.

** Course Code:**ETE 456

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ETE 455. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ETE 455.

**Course Code:**ETE 495

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309 and ETE 255

Basic concepts of information theory and its measurement, error coding in communication systems. Entropy, zero-memory information source, Markov information source. Adjoin source, language structure. Huffman codes, LZ, arithmetic codes. Introduction to rate distortion theory. Channel coding theorem, channel capacity, Shannon limit. Block codes: characteristics of block codes, non-singular block codes, uniquely decodable codes, instantaneous codes, Kraft’s inequality. Error detection, Burst error detecting and correcting codes, linear block codes, binary cyclic codes, Hamming codes, BCH codes, and Read-Solomon codes, encoding, Syndrome decoding and decoding algorithms. Introduction to convolution codes, code tree, trellis, state diagram, maximum likelihood decoding and the Viterbi algorithm. Trellis-coded modulation and Ungerboeck codes. Introduction to Turbo coding. Selection of coding scheme.

### Trimester 10

**Course Code:**ETE 400

**Credit:**1.50

**Credit Hour:**1.50

**Prerequisite:**n/a

A final year project based on Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering Problems.

**Course Code:**ETE 441

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 207 and CSE 223

VLSI technology: Top down design approach, technology trends and design styles. Review of MOS transistor theory: Threshold voltage, body effect, I-V equations and characteristics, latch-up problems, NMOS inverter, CMOS inverter, pass-transistor and transmission gates. CMOS circuit characteristics and performance estimation: Resistance, capacitance, rise and fall times, delay, gate transistor sizing and power consumption. CMOS circuit and logic design: Layout design rules and physical design of simple logic gates. CMOS subsystem design: Adders, multiplier and memory system, arithmetic logic unit. Programmable logic arrays. I/O systems. VLSI testing.

**Course Code:**ETE 442

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour: **1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ETE 441. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ETE 441.

**Course Code:**ETE 459

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

Introduction: Principle, evolution, ‘networks, exchange and international regulatory bodies. Telephone apparatus: Microphone, speakers, ringer, pulse and tone dialing mechanism, side-tone mechanism, local and central batteries and advanced features. Switching system: Introduction to analog system, digital switching systems – space division switching, blocking probability and multistage switching, time division switching and two dimensional switching. Traffic analysis: Traffic characterization, grades of service, network blocking probabilities, delay system and queuing. Modem telephone services and network: Internet telephony, facsimile, integrated services digital network, asynchronous transfer mode and intelligent networks. Introduction to cellular telephony and satellite communication.

**Course Code:**IPE 401

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

Introduction, evolution, management function, organization and environment. Organization: Theory and structure; Coordination; Span of control; Authority delegation; Groups; Committee and task force; Manpower planning.

Personnel Management: Scope; Importance; Need hierarchy; Motivation; Job redesign; Leadership; Participative management; Training; Performance appraisal; Wages and incentives; Informal groups; Organizational change and conflict.

Cost and Financial Management; Elements of costs of products depreciation; Break-even analysis; Investment analysis; Benefit cost analysis.

Management Accounting: Cost planning and control; Budget and budgetary control; Development planning process.

Marketing Management: Concepts; Strategy; Sales promotion; Patent laws.

Technology Management: Management of innovation and changes; Technology life cycle; Case studies.

### Trimester 11

**Course Code:**ETE 400

**Credit:**2.00

**Credit Hour:**2.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

A final year project based on Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering Problems.

**Course Code:**ETE 433

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 207 and ETE 313

Optical properties in semiconductor: Direct and indirect band-gap materials, radiative and non-radiative recombination, optical absorption, photo-generated excess carriers, minority carrier life time, luminescence and quantum efficiency in radiation. Properties of light: Particle and wave nature of light, polarization, interference, diffraction and blackbody radiation. Light emitting diode (LED): Principles, materials for visible and infrared LED, internal and external efficiency, loss mechanism, structure and coupling to optical fibers. Stimulated emission and light amplification: Spontaneous and stimulated emission, Einstein relations, population inversion, absorption of radiation, optical feedback and threshold conditions. Semiconductor Lasers: Population inversion in degenerate semiconductors, laser cavity, operating wavelength, threshold current density, power output, optical and electrical confinement. Introduction to quantum well lasers. Photo-detectors: Photoconductors, junction photo-detectors, PIN detectors, avalanche photodiodes and phototransistors. Solar cells: Solar energy and spectrum, silicon and schottky solar cells. Modulation of light: Phase and amplitude modulation, electro-optic effect, acousto-optic effect and magento-optic devices. Introduction to integrated optics.

**Course Code:**ETE 457

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

Introduction: Concept, evolution and fundamentals. Analog and digital .cellular systems. Cellular Radio System: Frequency reuse, co-channel interference, cell splitting and components. Mobile radio propagation: Propagation characteristics, models for radio propagation, antenna at cell site and mobile antenna. Frequency Management and Channel Assignment: Fundamentals, spectrum utilization, fundamentals of channel assignment, fixed channel assignment, non-fixed channel assignment, traffic and channel assignment. Handoffs and Dropped Calls: Reasons and types, forced handoffs, mobile assisted handoffs and dropped call rate. Diversity Techniques: Concept of diversity branch and signal paths, carrier to noise and carrier to interference ratio performance. Digital cellular systems: Global system for mobile, time division multiple access and code division multiple access.

### Trimester 12

**Course Code: **EEE 400

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

A final year project based on Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering Problems.

## List of Elective Courses (EEE ….)

Elective courses are divided into two categories: Elective I and Elective II. Elective I courses are offered to build up the foundation on the specialized fields in Telecommunication Engineering. Elective II courses are offered with their companion laboratory courses so that the students get balanced education both on theory and practice. Two courses from Elective I and one from Elective II need to be taken.

**Elective I**

**Course Code: **ETE 435

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 207

Review of FET amplifiers: Passive and active loads and frequency limitation. Current mirror: Basic, cascade and active current mirror. Differential Amplifier: Introduction, large and small signal analysis, common mode analysis and differential amplifier with active load Noise: Introduction to noise, types, representation in circuits, noise in single stage and differential amplifiers and bandwidth. Band-gap references: Supply voltage independent biasing, temperature independent biasing, proportional to absolute temperature current generation and constant transconductance biasing. Switch capacitor circuits: Sampling switches, switched capacitor circuits including unity gain buffer, amplifier and integrator. Phase Locked Loop (PLL): Introduction, basic PLL and charge pumped PLL.

**Course Code:**ETE 445

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 441

VLSI MOS system design: Layout extraction and verification, full and semi-full custom design styles, logical and physical positioning. Design entry tools: schematic capture and HDL. Logic and switch level simulation. Static timing, concepts and tools of analysis, solution techniques for floor planning, placement, global routing and detailed routing. Application specific integrated circuit design including FPGA.

**Course Code:**ETE 461

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 303

Basics of antenna: gain and effective area; radiation pattern, gain and radiation impedance of monopole, dipole, folded dipole, array of isotropic radiators; Antenna as an aperture: Babinet’s principle, horn and reflector type of antenna. Printed antennas. Propagation of radio waves – broadcast and line of sight, transmission and reception of radio waves, effect of earth’s curvature; long, medium and short wave propagation, ionospheric propagation, scattering in radio links, effect of rain and dust.

**Course Code: **ETE 463

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 303 and ETE 309

Brief history and overview of satellite communications, communication satellite systems, communication satellites, orbiting satellites, satellite frequency bands, satellite multi-access formats, the Regulatory Bodies. Frequency allocations. Fundamental orbital laws, GEO, MEO, LEO satellites, subsystems of a communication satellite, earth station, satellite link analysis, attenuation, effect of rain on propagation. Modulation and multiplexing techniques for satellite link, Communication payload, transponders, coverage. Multiple access techniques: FDMA, SPADE, TDMA, CDMA, Antijam advantage of spectral spreading, satellite jamming, DS-CDMA acquisition and tracking, FH-CDMA acquisition and tracking, random access. Phase coherency in satellite systems: carrier phase-noise, phase noise spectra, carrier frequency and phase stability, phase errors in carrier referencing. Satellite ranging systems: ranging systems, component-ranging codes, and tone-ranging systems. Inter-satellite links, VSAT satellite system concept, link analysis, mobile-satellite communication systems, mobile satellite channel, direct home TV broadcasting.

**Course Code: **ETE 465

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 309 and ETE 311

Some basics on television systems, multidimensional signals and Fourier transform, multidimensional (space-time) sampling, interlaced and non-interlaced scanning: Information theory: conditional and joint entropy and redundancy, source coding theorem, statistical source models, mutual information rate distortion theory: Predictive coding: linear prediction, quantization, optimum predictor; Discrete two-dimensional transforms: DFT, DCT,. wavelet and Hadamard transforms; Transform Coding with motion estimation, principles of MPEG coding; Modern audiovisual terminals and communication systems.

**Course Code:**ETE 469

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

International telecommunication organizations, trans-border data flow, barriers to trade in information equipment and services, development of competition, and World Trade Organization telecommunication agreement. Policy problems created by the vulnerability of telecommunication and computer networks to accidental or intentional attacks, dependence of economic and military security on telecommunication networks, information warfare, privacy and surveillance, international trade and information security. Fundamentals of daily telecommunication operations, including human factors in organization, acquisition and procurement, research and development, logistical planning, and relations with carriers and manufacturers.

**Course Code:**ETE 493

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309

This course is aimed at covering topics of current interest and new technology of Telecommunication Engineering

**Course Code:**EEE 491

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309, ETE 311

Human body: Cells and physiological systems. Bioelectricity: genesis and characteristics. Linear and Nonlinear Models of Biological Systems.

Measurement of bio-signals: Ethical issues, transducers, amplifiers and filters. Electrocardiogram: electrocardiography, phono cardiograph, analysis and interpretation of cardiac signals, cardiac pacemakers and defibrillator. Blood pressure: systolic, diastolic mean pressure, electronic manometer, detector circuits and practical problems in pressure monitoring. Electroencephalogram: cerebral angiograph and analysis of EEG signals. Brain scans. Electromayogram (EMG). Tomograph: Positron emission tomography and computer tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonogram. Telemedicine. Effect of electromagnetic fields on human body.

**Course Code: **EEE 499

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309, ETE 311

Introduction & Foundational Principles, RF Design for DSP Engineers, Digital Generation of Signals, Analog to Digital Conversion, Equalization and Interference Rejection, Synchronization, Demodulation and Decoding, Real-Time Programming Issues, Case Studies in Software Radio Design

**Course Code:**EEE 467

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309, ETE 311

Sampling, interpolation, and decimation; Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), fast convolution by FFT using the overlap-save or overlap-add methods; Bandpass sampling; IIR and FIR filter design and implementation issues: filter structures, coefficient quantization and sensitivity, finite wordlength arithmetic or signal quantization, limit cycles, noise shaping; Spectral estimation methods, Basic adaptive filtering.

**Course Code:**EEE 453

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 303 and ETE 313

Introduction. Light propagation through optical fiber: Ray optics theory and mode theory. Optical fiber: Types and characteristics, transmission characteristics, fiber joints and fiber couplers. Light sources: Light emitting diodes and laser diodes. Detectors: PIN photo-detector and avalanche photo-detectors. Receiver analysis: Direct detection and coherent detection, noise and limitations. Transmission limitations: Chromatic dispersion, nonlinear refraction, four wave mixing and laser phase noises. Optical amplifier: Laser and fiber amplifiers, applications and limitations. Multi-channel optical system: Frequency division multiplexing, wavelength division multiplexing and co-channel interference.

**Course Code:**ETE 467

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 303 and ETE 309

Some basics on television systems, multidimensional signals and Fourier transform, multidimensional (space-time) sampling, interlaced and non-interlaced scanning: Information theory: conditional and joint entropy and redundancy, source coding theorem, statistical source models, mutual information rate distortion theory: Predictive coding: linear prediction, quantization, optimum predictor; Discrete two-dimensional transforms: DFT, DCT,. wavelet and Hadamard transforms; Transform Coding with motion estimation, principles of MPEG coding; Modern audiovisual terminals and communication systems.

**Elective II**

**Course Code:**ETE 443

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 207

Power semiconductor switches and triggering devices: BJT, MOSFET, SCR, IGBT, GTO, TRIAC, UJT and DIAC. Rectifiers: Uncontrolled and controlled single phase and three phase. Regulated power supplies: Linear-series and shunt, switching buck, buck boost, boost and Cuk regulators. AC voltage controllers: single and three phase. Choppers. DC motor control. Single phase cycloconverter. Inverters: Single phase and three phase voltage and current source. AC motor control. Stepper motor control. Resonance inverters. Pulse width modulation control of static converters.

**Course Code:**ETE 444

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ETE 443. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ETE 443.

**Course Code:**ETE 447

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite: **ETE 207 & CSE 223

Switching, timing, wave shaping, and logic circuits to generate waveforms and functions used in pulse systems, instrumentation and computers. Latches, Flip-Flops and Synchronous System Design. Advanced CMOS Logic Design: Pseudo-NMOS and Dynamic Precharging, Domino-CMOS logic, No-Race-Logic, Single-Phase Dynamic Logic, Dynamic Differential Logic. Digital Integrated System Building Blocks: Multiplexers and Decoders, Barrel shifters, counters, digital adders, PLA. Integrated memories: SRAM, DRAM, ROM.

**Course Code:**ETE 448

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in ETE 447. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ETE 447.

**Course Code:**ETE 451

**Credit: **3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**EEE 303

Transmission lines: Voltage and current in ideal transmission lines, reflection, transmission, standing wave, impedance transformation, Smith chart, impedance matching and lossy transmission lines. Waveguides: general formulation, modes of propagation and losses in parallel plate, rectangular and circular waveguides. Micro strips: Structures and characteristics. Rectangular resonant cavities: Energy storage, losses and Q. Radiation: Small current element, radiation resistance, radiation pattern and properties, Hertzian and halfwave dipoles. Antennas: Mono pole, horn, rhombic and parabolic reflector, array, and Yagi-Uda antenna.

**Course Code:**ETE 452

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 451. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in ETE 451.

**Course Code:**ETE 497

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour: **3.00

**Prerequisite:**ETE 309 and ETE 255

Introduction to Wireless Components: Antenna, Amplifier, Mixer, Oscillator, Resonant Circuits.

Noise: Thermal Noise, Shot Noise, Noise Voltage and Power, Mixing of Noise Noise Temperature and Noise Figure (NF), NF of Cascaded Components, NF of passive networks.

Effects of Nonlinearity: Harmonics, Sensitivity and Dynamic Range, Gain Compression (P1dB), Intermodulation Distortion, Third Order Intercept Point (IP3), IP2, Intercept points of cascaded components.

Impedance matching: Smith chart, L-Network, Pi Network Impedance matching. Impedance matching using smith chart.

Filter: Filter Design: Maximally Flat, Equal ripple, Linear Phase Filter, Filter Scaling and Transformation. Butterworth, Chebyshev response.

Amplifiers and Oscillators: S-Parameter, Power Gain, Stability, Stability Circles, Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) design, Characteristics of Power Amplifier (PA) and amplifier classes. Oscillator Tuning Range, Frequency Stability, Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO), Oscillator Phase Noise. Amplifier and Oscillator Design using S-parameters.2 Mixer: Frequency Conversion, Image Frequency, Conversion Loss, Isolation, Diode Mixer, Image Reject Mixer.

**Course Code:**ETE 498

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite:**n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the tirst part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in EEE 497. In the second part, students will design sample systems using the principles learned in ETE 497.

**Course Code:**CSE 421

**Credit:**3.00

**Credit Hour:**3.00

**Prerequisite:**CSE 423

Limitations of 16 bit processors. 32 bit microprocessors (Intel 80386/80486, Motorola 68000) internal architecture, addressing modes, instructions, memory and I/O interfaces, system design, programming, applications to industrial process control. Embedded processors architecture, advanced port, programming, controller design for adjustable speed motor devices.

**Course Code:**CSE 422

**Credit:**1.00

**Credit Hour:**1.00

**Prerequisite: **n/a

This course consists of two parts. In the first part, students will perform experiments to verify practically the theories and concepts learned in CSE 421. In the second part, students will design simple systems using the principles learned in CSE 421.